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Interchange – Ukraine: 25 Years of Revolution

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Over the past year Americans have been hearing about the escalating conflict in Ukraine as a story of separatist movement stoked by Russian expansionism under Putin.

The human cost of the partisan war as of February 2015 is sobering. According to the UN, 5,700 people have been killed; 14,000 wounded. Meanwhile, 5.2 million Ukrainian people are living in conflict areas; and over 950,000 people have been displaced within Ukraine, while 600,000 have fled to neighboring countries, of whom 400,000 have gone to Russia.

All this is taking place in a country already suffering from a crisis in health and demographics. Between 1990 and 2013, Ukraine’s population declined by over 12 percent. The fertility rate is well below replacement rates, and the mortality rate among working-age and younger men is said to be at crisis levels. Income inequality is among the worst in the world and there is widespread environmental depredation, and a deteriorating infrastructure.

While the suffering in Ukraine is clear, a clear divide between ‘good’ and ‘bad’ forces there may not be. Most of us struggle to understand the ongoing conflict because our knowledge of Ukraine during the post-Soviet era is very incomplete. We are told by our leaders and by the mainstream press that the fight reflects a clear conflict between pro-Russian and pro-Western ideologies. We have very little idea of what it has been like to live in Ukraine during the past 25 years.

Guests
Sarah Drue Phillips, IU Professor of Anthropology and the Director of the Russian and East European Institute. She has been conducting anthropological research in Ukraine since 1995. Her broad research interests have concerned the variable effects of socialist collapse on people’s lives, especially in terms of gender formations, health, social inequalities and social justice, and changing citizen-state relations. She has studied the role of women in Ukraine’s civil society, the Ukrainian disability rights movement and, most recently, HIV prevention strategies.

Padraic Kenney, IU Professor of History and International Studies at Indiana University. He is the author or editor of seven books on Polish, Eastern European, and global history including most recently, 1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War’s End (Boston, 2010).

Polina Vlasenko, a Ph.D. student in Anthropology at IU who is a native of the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv. She was an active volunteer in bringing medical aid to participants in the 2014 EuroMaidan protests, and has seen family members forced to flee from the eastern region of Ludansk.

Music
“Stand Up!” by Okean Elzy
“It’s My City” by ONUKA
“Carpathian Rap” by DakhaBrakha

Credits
Producer & Host: Doug Storm
Research & Script: Nancy Jones
Board Engineer: Carissa Barrett
Executive Producer: Joe Crawford

Activate! – Mother Hubbard’s Cupboard: Patrick Siney

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Patrick Siney, a volunteer for Mother Hubbard’s Cupboard and many other local non-profits, discusses opportunities at “The Hub” and talks about how volunteering has made a huge difference in his life. Also, ways for you to connect your talents to non-profits in our community through volunteering from the City of Bloomington Volunteer Network.

LINKS

Mother Hubbard’s Cupboard

New Hope Family Shelter Website Designer
Graphic Designers & Photographers – check the listings at http://www.bloomingtonvolunteernetwork.org/searchopportunities

Firehouse Follies – “Men In Mauve”

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ARE THERE ALIENS IN BLOOMINGTON? WFHB’s Firehouse Follies Spring show, “Men in Mauve,” will take a good, hard look at this question.

David Olney

david_olney_webMaster craftsman, acclaimed singer/songwriter and globe-trotting performer David Olney has released 20 albums over four decades, including six live recordings. His music has been prominently featured in ABC-TV’s Nashville and he stellar songs have been recorded by Emmylou Harris, Linda Ronstadt, Del McCoury, Tim O’Brien and Steve Young, among many others.

Firehouse Sessions – Kinobe & the Wamu Spirit

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Ugandan artist Kinobe’s March 24 Firehouse Session was his second visit to WFHB, having played a WFHB Lotus Live Session which led to his song “Abataka” being selected for WFHB’s Lotus Live Volume 1 CD. In the six years since Kinobe’s last visit he has traveled to many African countries and his music has evolved from Ugandan fusion to a more organic Pan-African acoustic sound. Kinobe was accompanied by guitarist Jaja Bashengezi, a Congolese refugee who Kinobe met in Uganda. Kinobe and his band were in town for for Lotus Blossoms, an educational outreach program of the Lotus Education & Arts Foundation.

SONGS
1. Magibobo
2. Kikwabanga
3. Rafiki

Hosted by Jim Manion
Engineered by Jim Lang & Dan Withered
Produced by Katie Moulton
Executive Producer is Jim Manion
Special thank you to Loraine Martin

Interchange – Making Love to Siri: The Seductiveness of Robots

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Tonight’s show “Making Love to Siri,” seeks to understand what is seductive to us about robots. Which question should we ask: Can we make love to Siri?, or, Can Siri make love to us?

Guests
Colin Allen is the Director of the Cognitive Science Program, Provost Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, and Associate Editor of Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Selma Sabanovic is an Assistant Professor of Informatics at Indiana University, Bloomington, whose work combines the social studies of computing, focusing particularly on the design, use, and consequences of socially interactive and assistive robots in different social and cultural contexts, with research on human-robot interaction (HRI) and social robot design.

Related Interchange Programs
Interchange – Thinking About Thinking Machines
Interchange – Terror Skies: The Drone as Judge and Jury

Related Popular Articles
We Know How You Feel
How Robots & Algorithms Are Taking Over
Why we have to get smart about artificial intelligence
Bot or Not?
Ex Machina and sci-fi’s obsession with sexy female robots
Her: the movie every internet addict should be forced to watch

Music
“One Note Song” by Tenacious D
“The Robots” by Kraftwerk
“Human After All” by Daft Punk

Credits
Producer & Host: Doug Storm
Board Engineer: Jonathan Richardson
Executive Producer: Joe Crawford

Activate! – MCCSC Adult Education: Blue Butterfly Woman

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Blue Butterfly Woman on how working with students at Broadview Learning Center in the MCCSC Adult Education Program enriches her life and proves the lessons of her childhood hold true even in retirement. Also, more volunteer opportunities from the City of Bloomington Volunteer Network.

LINKS
MCCSC Adult Education Broadview Learning Center
RSVP Tutoring in the Schools
ESL Tutors
VITAL Volunteers

Indiana House of Representatives Approves Religious Freedom Restoration Act

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Shortly before we went to air today, the Indiana House of Representatives approved a bill that could protect businesses that discriminate against LGBT residents. The bill is known as the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. It would prohibit governments from “substantially burdening a person’s exercise of religion.” Some proponents of the bill have said they hope it will protect businesses, churches or individuals that choose not to serve LGBT residents.

The bill has been widely seen as a response to the legalization of same-sex marriage in Indiana. Just before the bill passed, News Director Joe Crawford spoke with one of the leaders of the movement to oppose the measure. We bring you that interview for today’s WFHB community report.

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act passed the House of Representatives by a vote of 63 to 31. It has already passed the Senate and Governor Mike Pence has expressed support for the legislation.

Freedom Indiana delivered thousands of letters opposing Senate Bill 101 just hours before the House of Representatives voted to pass the bill. Photo courtesy of Freedom Indiana.

Members of Freedom Indiana delivered thousands of letters opposing Senate Bill 101 just hours before the House of Representatives voted to pass the bill. Photo courtesy of Freedom Indiana.

Local Live – Chris Wolf

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Chris Wolf sits down with his guitar to play us some songs from his album, “The Wolfman” and a song inspired by one of his influences, John Prine. The stories underlying the songs vary in theme from dark to humorous to endearing.

1.) Beater with a Heater
2.) If I Was the Devil
3.) Crossroads to Nowhere
4.) My Favoritest
5.) Spotless (My Invisible Dog)
6.) When I Was a Kid

Hosted by Frankie Ferrell
Engineered by Jim Lang & Adam Reichle
Produced by Erin Tobey
Executive Producer is Jim Manion

Originally aired on March 11, 2015.

Interchange – Forbearance and Fighting: Parsing Jihad and Martyrdom

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Host Doug Storm is joined by Asma Afsaruddin to discuss her book Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought.

In her essay “Inventing ‘Jihad‘,” Afsaruddin writes:

Privileging the legal literature above other kinds of literature—particularly the exegetical literature on the Qur’an and ethical treatises—in discussions of jihad almost inevitably leads to the conclusion that it is primarily a collective military obligation incumbent upon able-bodied Muslim men in the service of state and religion. And because what we call Islamic law is assumed to be derived directly from the Qur’an and the hadith (the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad), such an obligation is assumed to be mandated by Islam itself.

But if we put on our historical glasses a considerably different picture emerges. The earliest connotations of jihad had to do with patient forbearance in the face of harm and stoic, nonviolent resistance to wrongdoing….

Some were also of the opinion that the Qur’anic command to fight was only applicable to the first generation of Muslims who were contemporaries of Muhammad, known as the Companions, since the historical referent in the verses that deal with fighting are the hostile pagan Arabs of Mecca.

Such understandings, however, could and did prove inimical to the process of empire-building, and the need was soon felt in official and certain legal circles to promote the military jihad as a religiously meritorious activity. This is precisely what happened during the expansion of the Islamic empire after the death of Muhammad during the late seventh and eighth centuries of the Common Era….

This progressive watering-down in later exegetical and legal literature of the categorical Qur’anic prohibition against initiating hostilities is revealing of the triumph of political realism over scriptural fidelity.

Some scholars from the later period continued to dispute this cooptation of jihad in the service of Realpolitik. These scholars’ main area of contention was with the legal position which came to view lack of adherence to Islam, rather than aggression on the part of the adversary, as the casus belli for the military jihad, a position they regarded as unethical and morally impermissible.

Of Related Interest:
How Do We Talk About Islam After Charlie Hebdo?
Egypt and the Problem of Religion
Islam and Modernity: Issues for the Classroom (Podcast)

Guest:
Asma Afsaruddin is professor of Islamic Studies and chair of the Department of Near Eastern Languages & Cultures at Indiana University, Bloomington. She was named a Carnegie Scholar in 2005. Her previous books include The First Muslims: History and Memory (2008), and Excellence and Precedence: Medieval Islamic Discourse on Legitimate Leadership (2002) She was awarded the World Book Prize for the best new book in Islamic Studies given by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance of the Republic of Iran on February 8th in Tehran, Iran’s capital and largest city.

Credits:
Producer & Host: Doug Storm
Board Engineer: Jonathan Richardson
Executive Producer: Joe Crawford

Colonel Kelsey’s 70th Birthday Acknowledgement Party

WFHB invites you to join Col. Mike Kelsey and some of his friends at a 70th birthday acknowledgment party, to be held from 3 to 6 p.m. Sunday, March 29, at the Players Pub. This celebration of original, independent music features the Chicago jazz group Merge, Kalamazoo singer/songwriter and instrumentalist Joel Mabus, Tim Grimm, and the Nashville, Tennessee, duo Jeni & Billy. All proceeds go to original and independent WFHB community radio, which has helped keep Col. Kelsey off the streets for on to 20 years and counting.

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