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Interchange – The Right to Dignity: Service Sector Workers and the Future of Unions


Do service-sector workers represent the future of the U.S. labor movement?

Mid-twentieth-century union activism transformed manufacturing jobs from backbreaking, low-wage work into careers that allowed workers to buy homes and send their kids to college. Some union activists insist that there is no reason why service-sector workers cannot follow that same path…As one Indiana-based organizer says of the struggle being waged in a state that has earned a reputation as antiunion: “If we can win here, we can win anywhere.” The outcome of the battle of Indianapolis may foretell the fate of workers across the United States.

Right-to-Work; Minimum Wage; Living Wage; Alt-labor; Wage Theft; Subcontracting

Fran Quigley is a clinical professor of law in the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law, teaching in the Health and Human Rights Clinic. Students in the Health and Human Rights Clinic advocate for the rights of the poor, with a special focus on representing low-wage workers.

Professor Quigley is the author of several academic journal articles on social justice and human rights, multiple mass media articles and columns, and three books, How Human Rights Can Build Haiti: The Activists, the Lawyers, and the Grassroots Movement (Vanderbilt University Press, 2014), If We Can Win Here:The New Front Lines of the Labor Movement (Cornell University Press, 2015), and Walking Together, Walking Far: How a U.S. and African Medical School Partnership Is Winning the Fight Against the HIV/AIDS Pandemic (Indiana University Press, 2009). Previous to his work at the law school, he served as director of operations for the Indiana-Kenya Partnership/AMPATH and as a staff attorney with Indiana Legal Services.

Pre-recorded interview (8/12/15) with Chalondias Smith, home care worker and member of SEIU Healthcare Indiana/Illinois/Missouri/Kansas.

“Union Burying Ground” by Woody Guthrie
“Working Class Hero” by Screaming Trees
“There is Power In The union” by Billy Bragg
“Bread and Roses” by Judy Collins

An IU Professor’s Upcoming Book Is On Low-Wage Worker’s; A Conversation With A Home Health Care Worker In Indianapolis

Indiana Senate narrowly passes repeal of common wage


Producer & Host: Doug Storm
Board and Music Engineer: Jonathan Richardson
Executive Producer: Joe Crawford

Activate! – Jaqueline Bauer: Hoosier to Hoosier Community Sale


Jaqueline Bauer talks about the history of the Hoosier to Hoosier Community Sale and the opportunities it affords for volunteers and sale attenders. Also, more sustainability volunteer opportunities from the City of Bloomington Volunteer Network.

Hoosier 2 Hoosier Sale a program of Indiana University Office Of Sustainability
H2H Sale Day Volunteers
Monroe County Energy Challenge Ambassadors
Greening IU Athletics

“Fighting Against the Dark” – An Interview with Turkish Activist and Bombing Survivor Ramazan Basar


Today we bring you an extended interview recorded in Istanbul by longtime Bloomington resident and WFHB correspondent Filiz Cicek. Cicek spoke with an activist who had just survived a bombing as he was attempting to cross into the Syrian area of Kobani.

Kobani is the name of both a city and a larger area in northern Syria near the border with Turkey. Kobani is also part of Rojava, referred to by some as Western Kurdistan.

Against the backdrop of the Syrian Civil War, in late 2013 a left-wing revolution took place in Kobani and Rojava. The revolution established a society based on direct democracy, gender equality, and environmental sustainability. Rojava’s government is formed by ethnically inclusive popular assemblies and it has a feminist army of women’s militias that has been key in fighting the Islamic State.

Yet less than a year after this revolution, in the fall of 2014, the area came under siege from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL. Most of the city of Kobani was destroyed and much of the population fled to Turkey.

However by January the people of Rojava had driven the Islamic state out of Kobani. In late July a group of leftist youth activists from across Turkey travelled to the border near Kobani with the goal of crossing over to help the local people rebuild.

On July 20 a bomb was set off during a press conference in the Turkish border town of Suruc, killing at least 32 people and wounding more than 100 more. It is believed that supporters of the Islamic State were behind the attack.

Cicek was able to speak with Ramazan Basar, a survivor of the bombing. The interview was originally recorded in Turkish and was translated into English by Leyla Keskiner. Voice-over by Dan Young. Editing by Dan Withered.



FC: I am here with Ramazan Basar in İstanbul. Welcome to WFHB News…. Can you introduce yourself to our audience Ramazan?

RB: My name is Ramazan Basar. I was born in Mardin in 1986, but I live in Istanbul now. I’ve studied journalism and now work as a freelance journalist. I also lived in Boston for about four months, in 2010.

FC: You got wounded during a bomb attack recently…

RB: I was part of a group who had volunteered to build a library, plant trees, and also to donate toys to the children of Kobane. We came to Suruc for a short period of time. We were almost 300 people from different cities, Most of us did not know one another; though some did. I went on my own, independent of any affiliation.

FC: How did this relief campaign started? How did you hear about it? How did people gather?

RB: The campaign was announced over the internet, it resonated among the socialist, anarchist, leftist, democratic, progressive, oppositional youth…

FC: I believe you’ve been working on this relief organization for almost three months now

RB: I don’t remember exactly, but I guess it took two or three months to get organized

FC: Did you go on a bus?

RB: Yes, we did

FC: Did you spend a night in Suruc before the attack? Can you elaborate how the attack happened? Starting from the beginning of the trip?

RB: The trip was like going on a picnic. We shared food and laughter. There was a perfect camaraderie and collaboration among us. We were among the first groups to arrive in the city.

There was none of the usual security search by any of the police when we arrived, nor while the road. But some of our friends said the police asked for their identity cards. There wasn’t any special security measures at the Suruc cultural center either. Not by the state, nor by the local government or by any of the NGOs. And we felt no need to search or suspect our friends – because what we were doing was an act of good will and compassion done in collaboration.

We weren’t there to fight, we went there to rebuild, to reconstruct. We had no idea that we could be facing an attack, we had no idea that such good intentions would be so violently attacked. We never thought we would end up being the target of such a dirty trick.

FC: You said that your group was not searched by the police upon entering Suruc but others were. Were you traveling in groups?

RB: We were on different busses. At the city entrance, police stopped some of the busses and checked people’s identities with a routine general information surveillance or GBT background check. This resulted in two of our friends being put under custody as military service deserters. But no one’s bags were searched, at least not that I’ve heard about.

FC: It seems you didn’t worry about safety, nor did the police. So you went directly to the cultural center in Suruc? Were they expecting you there?

RB: The relief mission was previously announced, and so everything was within the knowledge of the state.

FC: Were they waiting for your arrival at the center?

RB: Only the employees of the center and the other young people who wanted to help us were waiting for us. There was no precautions nor there were people other than the ones who would aid us when we crossed the border. The members of the association (Federation of Socialist Youth Associations) were present.

FC: So the members of the association in Suruç knew you were coming. When did the attack happen? Immediately upon your arrival?

RB: The attack happened on the day we arrived. We read our press release at the cultural center, and there was a small pop first. It sounded like a champagne bottle had popped, or one of those confetti gizmos. Then a few seconds later there was the big explosion… I was playing with my phone then, sitting by myself on a bench further away from the epicenter of the event. I fell, and my phone was shattered. Immediately there was dark smoke, and I saw dead bodies, and body parts, and brain matter. There were flames everywhere, and burnt, darkened bodies.

FC: Yes, it looked like hell on TV.

RB: It was a horrible tragedy for mankind. I still cannot come to my senses. The sounds keep echoing in my ears. With the explosion I’ve temporarily lost my hearing, which is going on for five days now. I have a piece of shell fragment in my left arm.

FC: Couldn’t they remove it?

RB: The hospital was very busy, they gave priority to the severely wounded ones. And the doctors said that removing it may cause more damage to my arm, and there will be no consequences from leaving it in. I’ve decided to keep it in my arm, as a token of the event, as a memory of my friends who died in the event.

FC: So you’ll keep living with this shell fragment in your body?

RB: To be honest, I don’t want it to be removed, so as long as I live I will remember what happened, and honor my friends who have lost their lives. The doctors said that there will be pain in the next couple of weeks, and later that will also go away. So I am not planning to get it removed from my body, I’ll carry it as a medal of honor.

FC: How did you come back to Istanbul?

RB: Our friends from Urfa, from the Socialist Youth Association, and members of the HDP , or the Peoples’ Democratic Party, hosted us in their homes for a few days, after my release from the hospital. Then I’ve got my ticket, and again independent of any group or organization I came back to Istanbul, to my family.

FC: Your family must be in shock, too.

R.B: Yes, they are.

FC: What are your plans now? Or are you in any state to even make plans just yet? I can see that you are still in shock. What goes through your head?

RB: I am not planning to stay in Turkey in the long run. I am planning to apply for political asylum. My struggle for a better world can continue, my urge to help people to change their lives can continue anywhere. But here in Turkey, we are under threats; our phones are tapped, people send us hate messages, threatening us.

FC: What kind of messages, can you give us an example?

RB: They say “300 people could have died instead of just 32” “We are after you, we will not forget you”.. things like this. There were also a few twitter messages that were threatening, and I had to block those people. The paranoia continues.

FC: Do you think that people are doing this on their own? Or is this part of an organized activity?

RB: I believe that all these massacres of Reyhanlı (Rey-han-lu), Diyarbakır (dee-YAHR-bahk-EHR) and Suruç (Suruch) are connected, and they are planned, organized and carried out by government officials, in order to scare and terrorize people; to destroy their unity and solidarity.

I don’t think these happen as independent and individual events; they are connected. They are organized from the top in order to create an atmosphere of chaos, which the authorities can then exploit for their own purposes. I believe that people in power are the ones benefitting from this chaos. The ones in power always gain from this atmosphere. Chaos, struggle, resistence, violence always benefit the ones in power.

FC: Do you believe that some people are trying to silence you?

RB: Not just me, but they are trying to silence all those who think differently, who are outcast, who fight for democracy and freedom and who advocate for human rights. They want to silence those who are controversial or who are opposing [the system]. All of us face such threats.

But we will not be intimidated by it. You perhaps know the saying “I’d rather be furious than miserable.” Yes we are miserable and sad, we are in great pain, but we are also furious. Not in a violent way, nor is this fury a source of physical threat to anyone. Instead it aids and fuels our impulse to move forward with the struggle, to fight for democracy, freedom and human rights.

We want everyone to be able to enjoy life and live in a free atmosphere. But I…I cannot express myself properly. Because I’ve lost my hearing temporarily, and I feel shocked, disoriented and a bit confused by it all…

FC: Lastly I want to ask, for the audience who may not have been following the recent events in the Middle East: You said were taking toys to the children of Kobani. What has been happening there? Why did you want to go to Kobani?

RB: For the last 3 years, Kobani has been under the attack of ISIS, the Islamic terrorist organization. This organization has been beheading people or enslaving them, including raping
women as sex slaves. They are monsters.

But there are oppositional forces like the YPG, or People’s Protection Unit, who are fighting against ISIS. The whole world is watching the opposition fighters with pride

We also wanted to be part of the ongoing rebuilding effort of the Middle East, even if for a few days. Kobani is under threat. After four months of struggle they drove out the ISIS occupation.

That area is Kurdistan land. It belongs to Kurds. But There are also other people like Turkmens, Yazidis, Süryanis, Arabs, Christians there. They also have a right to live there. Altogether they are building the city back up again.

They are all fighting against the dark, against the fundamentalism. The world is supporting this opposition coalition; the US, France, Germany, Italy are supporting their cause. Everyone should unite against terror organizations like Al-Kaida or ISIS. Especially in Turkey.

Our friends who lost their lives were safeguards of secularism and freedom, and the people who attacked us are representatives of the darkness, backwardness, and barbarianism. There is no third way, you either take side with secularism and freedom, or with darkness and backwardness.

What we have gained from the creation of the Republic of Turkey can only be furthered by improving its democracy. Or we can go backwards like Iran, or Afghanistan or Pakistan.

It was the same game that was played in those countries. First they killed the leftists. No body acted. Then they killed people in the opposition. Then they killed the moderate people who thought like themselves. Now they are bombing the mosques, killing one another.

We have to further what the Turkish Republic started: secularism, freedom, democracy. If we can freely walk around at all today, it is because of people who have fought for freedom, such as our friends who just died. These were people who shared the last bits of food that their mothers prepared for the road with their fellow goodwill ambassadors and freedom fighters on the journey. They had different visions for the future.

But to be different is always regarded as a threat in the Middle East. We believe now it is time to change the ominous direction of the region and give youth a chance.

FC: Even though ISIS assumed responsibility for the bombing, you believe that they were not alone?

RB: ISIS assumed responsibility but I believe others who supported ISIS logistically, who provided arms under the cover of medical aid, or those who allowed them to cross the border are equally responsible. Those legitimate powers who are in a relationship with this illegitimate power are going to cause more trouble.

Turkey is playing a dangerous game, and it will lose. Nobody is dumb, we can see through it all, we see the game they are playing. This has to stop and Turkey has to turn its face back towards to the West once again now. It has to deny violence, and support freedom.

The Solution Process for peace with Kurds should continue. There should be more effort made to win the hearts and minds of Kurds, who, just went through a very challenging election process, successfully.

HDP, the Peoples Democratic Party is not only for Kurds, but also for Turks, Greeks, Circasians, Alevites, Sunnis, and so on; it embraces peoples of various backgrounds in Turkey. They are a party that supports everyones freedom, within which everyone feels free to express themselves. This is what I believe. We must cary this freedom movement forward. We must live in coexistence and in peace. All lives matter. Let no one die. Let everyone express themselves freely and live freely as they wish. And that what will change the society for the better.

FC: We tired you quite a bit today…

Not at all.

FC: We wish you good luck. And thank you very much for being here today, and being alive.

Interchange – Keeping a Hand in Mind: Reading and Writing in a Digital World


Should we try to understand reading and writing as primary ways of making a particular kind of human; a way we embody consciousness. Are you “formed” in the forming act? For example, with your hands you made letters and words–you write (not type) a self–you are embodied in the language you craft. Memory lives in the act. Without the act the self subsides and you become the vessel–the clay pot and not the potter.

How does digital mediation affect not only how we read and write, but who we are?

The physicality of books (smell and touch); the aspect of “possession” of the tangible book as opposed to the ephemeral nature of the digital; children’s use of a pen or pencil to practice writing letters enhances language learning.

The Myth of Impoverished Signal” (Naomi Baron on the “Smiley”)

Brain activation patterns resulting from learning letter forms through active self-production and passive observation in young children” by Karin James

Naomi Baron is the author of Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World and most recently Words Onscreen: The Fate of Reading in a Digital World. She is a Professor of Linguistics and the Executive Director of Center for Teaching, Research and Learning World Languages and Cultures at American University in Washington, D.C.

Karin James is an Associate Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and Director of the The Cognition and Action Neuroimaging Laboratory at Indiana University. Her research program centers around the idea that direct, physical interactions with the environment changes the brain processing that underlies learning, and is important for the acquisition of many cognitive skills.

“Words I Manifest” by Gang Starr
“My Pen and Pad” by Blackalicious
“Kodachrome” by Paul Simon
“Read a Book” by Pylon

Producer & Host: Doug Storm
Board Engineer: Joe Crawford
Executive Producer: Joe Crawford

Local Live – Jack Whittle & Doc Malone

Jack Whittle & Doc Malone grace our presence in our Local Live studio for some unforgettable guitar slidin’, harmonica wailin’, blues and boogie music.

1. Frozen Pipes
2. Factory Work
3. Rose Tinted Glasses
4. Cold Shower Boogie
5. Mixed Drink
6. Lovin’ In My Sweet Baby’s Eyes

Hosted by Jar Turner
Engineered by Jim Lang
Produced by Erin Tobey
Executive Producer is Jim Manion

Activate! – First Book Challenge: Akola Christian


Patty Callison from Team First Book of Monroe County, and Jennifer Meyers from Monroe Smart Start on their joint endeavor with IU Health Riley Physicians to raise funds for books for kids without access to reading material with Tongue Twister Tag!! Play now until August 28th.

First Book Monroe County
Tounge Twister Tag Challenge Fundraising Volunteers

Firehouse Sessions – Eleni Mandell


Eleni Mandell stopped by the WFHB studios for a live Firehouse Session prior to her solo acoustic show at The Bishop on July 29, 2015. She performed three songs from her new album Dark Lights Up – “Someone to Love Like You”, “What Love Can Do”, and “China Garden Cafe”.

Hosted by Jim Manion
Engineered by Mike Chrastil & Jim Lang
Produced by Katie Moulton
Executive Producer is Jim Manion

Originally aired on July 29, 2015.

Interchange – Is a Woman a Person? Needing Ellen Willis More Than Ever


So, here we are, August 4th, 2015, and I’m asking “Is a Woman A Person?” You laugh, no, scoff at me for asking this. Of course!, you say. But are we “persons” by degrees with some considered lesser beings? Consider the concerted attack on women’s health funding by Republicans seeking to defund Planned Parenthood. It seems women ought to be tethered to reproduction and firmly under the control of the male head of the family. Right? We’ll look at the essays of Ellen Willis in this program as a way to investigate the longevity of this male supremacist attack on women.

On June 30 I talked with Ellen Willis’s daughter, Nona Willis Aronowitz, who had edited a selection of Ellen Willis’s essays, about Willis’s life and her influence as a writer,, which included her work as a music critic–rock music critic–for the New Yorker magazine, but was mostly political, and always feminist. We didn’t dig too deeply into the specifics of the Radical Feminism of Ellen Willis that night.

But, with the continuous onslaught against women primarily through access to care, which seems to be about restricting access to biological options regarding reproduction, we should return to Ellen Willis. No, we must to return to Ellen Willis.

There was something of a dismissive review of The Essential Ellen Willis in the Los Angeles Review of Books back in May of 2014 by Lisa Levy. It disparaged Willis exactly where I would praise her for sounding one particular feminist note for forty years. For FOUR decades what remained consistent for women while Ellen Willis was writing for both a popular and academic audience? The attack on women’s individual rights. The ongoing commitment to restricting women from being able to decide without the imposition of a man and a male supremacist society how to live their lives as equal human beings. But the book reviewer seemed to tired of that complaint, or too tired of having to read about it over and over.

Jennifer Maher, Director of Undergraduate Studies and Senior Lecturer in Gender Studies at Indiana University in Bloomington.

Aretha Franklin – “RESPECT”
Eurythmics – “Sisters are Doing It For Themselves”
Beyonce – “Run The World (Girls)”
Bikini Kill – “Rebel Girl”

“Abortion: Is a Woman a Person?” (Village Voice, 1979)
“Radical Feminism and Feminist Radicalism” (Social Text, 1984)

Interchange – What Makes Us Vulnerable: The Essential Ellen Willis
Interchange – Impulse Under the Influence: Campus Rape Culture
Interchange – Rape and White Male Privilege

Producer & Host: Doug Storm
Board and Music Engineer: Jonathan Richardson
Executive Producer: Joe Crawford

Local Live – Slip Me 5


Lulu, Lucky, Lunchmeat and Ron of Slip Me 5 stop by the WFHB studios to perform some jazz standards. They’re a newly formed band who play swing tunes that will get you out of your seat and moving to the rhythm.

1.) Blue Skies – Irving Berlin
2.) Is You Is or Is You Ain’t My Baby – Louis Jordan
3.) Exactly Like You – Jimmy McHugh
4.) Why Don’t You Do Right? – “Kansas Joe” McCoy
5.) Hit That Jive Jack – Skeets Tolbert
6.) Some of These Days – Shelton Brooks

Hosted by Frankie Ferrell
Engineered by Jim Lang
Produced by Erin Tobey
Executive Producer is Jim Manion

Local Live – Trollkiller


Joining us this week is Trollkiller, recipient of RAW’s 2014 Indiana Artist of the Year, playing us their blend of laid-back summertime porch rock.

1. The Secret Circus
2. Shame
3. Just Friends
4. Don’t Count on Me
5. The Key in the Tree
6. The End

Hosted by Jar Turner
Engineers: Jim Lang, Dan Withered, Adam Reichle, and Ilza Akerbergs.
Producer: Erin Tobey
Executive Producer is Jim Manion

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