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Books Unbound – “Benito Cereno” by Herman Melville, Part Three

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“Benito Cereno” is based on the memoir of the real-life Captain Amasa Delano, who during his voyages in 1805 came upon a Spanish merchant-ship in distress. Melville preserves the main elements of the story—the ship is manned by a skeleton crew of Spaniards under the haggard and enigmatic captain Benito Cereno, and carries Africans for the slave trade—but provokes interpretation by altering some historical facts. He sets the story in 1799, and renames the ship San Dominick. In this and other details, Melville evokes the Haitian Revolution of 1791–1804 in the French colony of Saint-Domingue.

Haiti is the only republic founded as the result of a slave revolt. But white Americans, despite their own revolution only a couple of decades earlier, sided against black Haitians fighting for freedom, and feared that slave revolts would spread throughout the Caribbean and into the slavery-based southern United States. Melville’s story captures this unease.

In the third of a four-part program, Captain Delano finally discovers the true nature of the enclosed society on board the San Dominick. The painstaking interiority of the first half of the story switches abruptly to violent action.

This episode features guest Maisha Wester, an associate professor at Indiana University and author of African American Gothic: Screams from Shadowed Places. Wester discusses the Haitian Revolution as background to Melville’s story, and Babo as a figuration of the white inability to “read” the black slave.

The episode was produced by Doug Storm and Cynthia Wolfe with Sarah Torbeck, and written by Cynthia Wolfe with Doug Storm, who is the reader and interviewer. Special music comes from River of Light by Richard Danielpour, as recorded by Tim Fain and Pei-Yao Wang.

Announcer: Berklea Going
Host: Sarah Torbeck
Theme music: The Impossible Shapes

bloomingOUT – February 5, 2015

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Tonight, hosts Jeff Poling and Ryne Shadday discuss America’s view of the gender spectrum and sexuality as a whole, as well as some ways we can continue to cut down on the amount of homeless LGBT youth in the community. Host Jeff Jewel interviewed guest Laura Ingram of Prism Youth. If you would like more information about Prism Youth, you may email Laura at prismyouthcommunity@gmail.com or visit them on Facebook at Prism Youth Community – Bloomington. We also heard a weekly segment of Out on Campus, discussing the relationship between being LGBT and being religious with Arielle Soussan. Our other weekly segment, First Year Out featured Nick Tumino talking with friend, Brice, about finding a community, in Bloomington and elsewhere, social media norms, dating on social media, and self-confidence issues stemming from social media. The bloomingOUT team would like to give special thanks to our guest Laura Ingram.

Credits
Hosts Ryne Shadday, Jeff Poling, Jeff Jewel
Executive Producer Joe Crawford
Producer Olivia Davidson
Script Coordinator Hayley Bass
Board Engineer Carissa Barrett

Voices in the Street – “Backing or Attacking the Anti Vaxxing Movement”

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The anti-vaccination movement has been in the news a lot lately, with New Jersey Governor Chris Christie drawing fire for stating parents should have a measure of choice when it comes to deciding whether or not to vaccinate their children. Voices in the Street hit the street to ask your friends and neighbors what they think about the movement, whether you feel vaccinations contribute to higher rates of autism in children, a parent’s right to choose and what are some of the ramifications of this movement.

Bloomington is at gold standard for community biking

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Bloomington’s status as a bicycle-friendly community has been elevated to gold-level by the League of American Bicyclists. Vince Caristo, the city’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Coordinator, spoke to the City Council last night.
Caristo says this places Bloomington in the top 25 cities to accommodate for bicycle enthusiast. He is also very proud of Bloomington’s promotion in the award from 4 years prior.
Bloomington has seen an 88% increase in bicycle facilities overall according to Caristo.

Caristo said that the honor was due in large part to the Council’s own initiatives, which have changed Bloomington’s infrastructure in ways that have increased ridership in Bloomington.

Caristo said the city’s painted bike lanes and a free, updated bike map have made bike-riding more accessible. He also highlighted the civil streets education campaign’s multiple transportation partners. Caristo said that the percent of bike commuters have quadrupled since 2013

The percentage of bike commuters is determined using data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Council member Steve Volan asked how close Bloomington is to receiving the highest possible designation for bike friendliness.
Bloomington council members still says we have awhile before Bloomington can receive a platinum bicycle rating, considering it took them four years to receive a gold since their last award.

Council member Marty Spechler asked if the city was considering a bike rental program, which he had enjoyed as a tourist in other cities. Caristo said that is has been discussed in the past and will also be on the agenda for the next meeting of the bicycle pedestrian safety commission. That meeting is Monday February 9th.

Alyce Miller: Granting Legal Rights to Non-Human Animals

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In today’s Ecoreport feature, Alyce Miller talks about the movement to grant legal rights to non-human animals.

EcoReport is a weekly program providing independent media coverage of environmental and ecological issues with a focus on local, state and regional people, issues, and events in order to foster open discussion of human relationships with nature and the Earth and to encourage you to take personal responsibility for the world in which we live. Each program features timely eco-related headline news, a feature interview or event recording, and a calendar of events of interest to the environmentally conscious.

Daily Local News – February 5, 2015

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Bloomington’s status as a bicycle-friendly community has been elevated to gold-level by the League of American Bicyclists;The Indiana Department of Corrections punished a prisoner after he publicly proclaimed his innocence;The city of Bloomington officially launches its Black History Month events tonight with a program in the City Council chambers

FEATURE
The race for the next mayor of Bloomington has begun. The final day for candidates to file is tomorrow. This will be the first election in more than a decade in which Mayor Mark Kruzan is not a contender. Kruzan has announced he won’t seek reelection after completing his third term as mayor later this year. Last week Kruzan was in the WFHB studios to speak with William Hosea and Cornelius Wright of Bring It On, our weekly African American public affairs show. We bring you a portion of that conversation for today’s WFHB community report.

VOICES IN THE STREET
The anti-vaccination movement has been in the news a lot lately, with New Jersey Governor Chris Christie drawing fire for stating parents should have a measure of choice when it comes to deciding whether or not to vaccinate their children. Voices in the Street hit the street to ask your friends and neighbors what they think about the movement, whether you feel vaccinations contribute to higher rates of autism in children, a parent’s right to choose and what are some of the ramifications of this movement.

CREDITS
Anchors: Carolyn VandeWiele, Scott Weddle
Today’s headlines were written by Joe Crawford
Along with Alycin Bektesh for CATSweek, a partnership with Community Access Television Services.
Our feature was produced by Michael Hilton.
Voices in the Street was produced by Kelly Wherley,
Our engineer today is Jose Rodriguez.
Our theme music is provided by the Impossible Shapes.
Managing Producer is Alycin Bektesh
Executive Producer is Joe Crawford.

EcoReport – February 5, 2015

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In today’s Ecoreport feature, Alyce Miller talks about the movement to grant legal rights to non-human animals.

EcoReport is a weekly program providing independent media coverage of environmental and ecological issues with a focus on local, state and regional people, issues, and events in order to foster open discussion of human relationships with nature and the Earth and to encourage you to take personal responsibility for the world in which we live. Each program features timely eco-related headline news, a feature interview or event recording, and a calendar of events of interest to the environmentally conscious.

Today’s Anchor’s: David Lyman and Julianna Dailey.
This week’s news stories were written by Linda Greene and Norm Holy. Our feature and broadcast engineer is Dan Withered. This week’s calendar was compiled by Catherine Anders.
EcoReport is produced by Dan Young, Filiz Cicek, Nancy Jones and Gillian Wilson. Executive producer is Joe Crawford.

Senator Coats; U. S. Senate Interrogate Health and Human Services Over 2016 Department Budget

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The U.S. Senate’s Finance Committee, including Indiana Senator Dan Coats, aggressively questioned Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Burwell for three hours this morning. The interrogation was part of the Committee’s review of President Barack Obama’s fiscal year 2016 budget for the Department. Correspondent Alycin Bektesh has this report.

In Indiana, 193,567 people are signed up for coverage through the Health Insurance Marketplace.

Better Beware! – Kidnapping Smartphones

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Ransomware has been an increasing danger for computers, but now the bad guys are targeting smartphones and other mobile devices. Beware, bigtime!

Mayoral Candidates Shun Corporate Money…Sort Of

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So far three Democrats have officially filed to run for mayor of Bloomington in the municipal elections this year. And so far, all three have pledged not to accept any corporate money to fund their campaigns. But does that pledge really mean businesses won’t influence the mayoral election? WFHB News Director Joe Crawford brings us that story for today’s WFHB community report.

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John Hamilton started the conversation about campaign finance. Just more than a week after he filed to run for mayor last month, Hamilton’s campaign distributed a press release. In it, Hamilton says he won’t take campaign contributions from “any corporations or business organizations.”

Running for mayor of Bloomington is not particularly expensive compared to, say, running for governor or president. But candidates do typically spend money on things like signs and mailers. In 2011, when Hamilton ran for mayor against Mayor Mark Kruzan, he spent about $100,000.

“I announced on the fifth anniversary of Citizens United I would not accept corporate contributions to the campaign even though that terrible Supreme Court decision said you could, legally,” Hamilton said.

To be clear, the race for Bloomington mayor doesn’t have much to do with Citizens United. That decision affected federal elections, not local ones. But Hamilton’s press release got him some relatively favorable news coverage in both the Herald-Times and the Indiana Daily Student, who both quoted him talking about the dangers of the Citizens United ruling.

Hamilton’s stance — against the Supreme Court decision that opened the floodgates for even more corporate money into our electoral process — is not an unfamiliar or probably an unpopular one in Bloomington. The City Council and the Monroe County Commissioners both passed resolutions a few years ago in favor of a constitutional amendment to effectively undo the ruling. Lots of residents have spoken publicly about their concerns that corporations are gaining more and more power over our elected officials. One of Hamilton’s supporters, James Allison, wrote a play about it a couple years ago that was performed at the Unitarian Church. It’s frankly, not a very controversial position here.

So it’s probably not surprising that both of Hamilton’s competitors took him up on the challenge to accept no donations from corporations. Here’s one of those candidates, City Council member Darryl Neher. He also mentions Citizens United.

“I’m on record even back in 2012 when the (City) Council passed a resolution supporting a Constitutional amendment that says corporations are not people and money is not speech,” Neher said. “I already wasn’t planning on taking corporate money for this campaign.”

The third Democratic candidate, John Linnemeier says he also won’t take corporate money. In fact, he goes even further than that. We’ll explain that a little later.

So that’s settled. No corporate contributions to the mayoral candidates this year, at least not these three. But does that actually mean anything? I asked Andy Downs, the director of the Mike Downs Center for Indiana Politics.

“It sounds good to a lot of people,” Downs said. “Because they believe that will remove undue influence from corporations…in Indiana corporations have had a limit on (campaign contributions) for quite some time.

“There are a lot of folks who get around (those regulations) in a fairly easy way. Instead of the corporation making a contribution, an individual who works for the corporation makes a contribution. And contributions from individuals are unlimited.”

Businesses have long been allowed to donate but they been limited to donating $5,000 each to statewide candidates. For a local candidate, like someone running for mayor, a corporation would be limited to $2,000. And as Downs says, there is a giant loophole in both Indiana’s campaign finance law and in the pledge that the mayoral candidates made.

Basically, it’s not a big sacrifice to reject contributions from businesses as long as you can still take money from the people who own and run those businesses.

“In some respects, not accepting contributions from corporations is a bit of a (public relations) ploy,” Downs said.

WFHB asked the three Democratic candidates whether they would be accepting money from business owners. They all say, with different qualifiers, yes. But Linnemeier, who is the only of the three who’s never run for office before, is willing to draw a hard line about exactly which businesspeople can contribute.

“You don’t want to take money from anyone…who is going to be doing business with the city,” Linnemeier said. “That includes the owner of any business. That includes employees of that business.”

Neither Neher or Hamilton are willing to go that far.

Hamilton says he’s open to setting even more limits on fund raising. But he says it would be difficult to meet Linnemeier’s standard. In response to a follow up question from WFHB, Hamilton sent a statement saying it would be hard to monitor contributions closely enough to enforce the rule. Plus, he said “one might accept a contribution tomorrow from an individual who then the next week gets a contract with the city, and it looks funny.”

Neher, on the other hand, says he doesn’t think a blanket ban on donations from businesspeople is a good idea.

“There are a number of even small restaurants that participate with the city of Bloomington,” Neher said. “They’re fundamentally different from businesses from Indianapolis or Chicago that do high-dollar contracts with the city.”

Neher says he won’t take money from business owners with those high-dollar contracts. But he doesn’t draw a clear line about which contracts or which businesses would be too big. He says he’ll make those judgments on a case by case basis.

But for Linnemeier, the pledge not to accept corporate money doesn’t mean much if candidates are still taking money from people who might benefit from having a friend in the mayor’s office.

“That’s a sham, obviously,” Linnemeier said. “That’s exactly what makes people cynical about politics.”

WFHB took a look at campaign finance reports from the 2011 mayoral election, when Hamilton went up against Mayor Kruzan in the Democratic primary. Hamilton lost. He got 40 percent of the vote. In that race, both candidates accepted money from business owners. But Hamilton took no donations from the businesses themselves. Kruzan did.

Corporate money didn’t make up a big percentage of Kruzan’s campaign — just more than fifteen hundred dollars in the months leading up to the primary.

But one of those companies, Greeley and Hansen, has done a good deal of business with the city government. About 18 months after donating $530 to Kruzan’s campaign, that Chicago-based engineering firm got a contract worth three quarters of a million dollars with the city’s Utilities Department.

There are options for getting most of the money out of the city elections. Hamilton says he’d like Bloomington explore the idea of public financing.

“There are cities that have municipal financing that basically matches small donations with other donations from the public,” Hamilton said. “It’s a way to encourage more smaller donations but still be able to finance elections.”

Shortly before our deadline today another candidate filed to run for mayor. John Turnbull is the first Republican to enter the race. We asked Turnbull about his stance on campaign contributions. He says he will accept money from some business owners, but not if he knows they do work for the city.

Turnbull joined the three other candidates in saying he would take no money directly from corporations.

The deadline for candidates to file paperwork for the city elections is Friday.

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