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On February 27th, the Mathers Museum of World Culture hosted Daniel Swan, Curator of Ethnology at the Sam Noble Museum of Natural History at University of Oklahoma, to speak of the musical instruments used in Native American Church. Swan says that the musical instruments used in Peyotism provide an important opportunity to consider the role of material culture and music in the construction of religious identities in contemporary Native American communities.
Host Doug Storm is joined by Asma Afsaruddin to discuss her book Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought.
In her essay “Inventing ‘Jihad‘,” Afsaruddin writes:
Privileging the legal literature above other kinds of literature—particularly the exegetical literature on the Qur’an and ethical treatises—in discussions of jihad almost inevitably leads to the conclusion that it is primarily a collective military obligation incumbent upon able-bodied Muslim men in the service of state and religion. And because what we call Islamic law is assumed to be derived directly from the Qur’an and the hadith (the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad), such an obligation is assumed to be mandated by Islam itself.
But if we put on our historical glasses a considerably different picture emerges. The earliest connotations of jihad had to do with patient forbearance in the face of harm and stoic, nonviolent resistance to wrongdoing….
Some were also of the opinion that the Qur’anic command to fight was only applicable to the first generation of Muslims who were contemporaries of Muhammad, known as the Companions, since the historical referent in the verses that deal with fighting are the hostile pagan Arabs of Mecca.
Such understandings, however, could and did prove inimical to the process of empire-building, and the need was soon felt in official and certain legal circles to promote the military jihad as a religiously meritorious activity. This is precisely what happened during the expansion of the Islamic empire after the death of Muhammad during the late seventh and eighth centuries of the Common Era….
This progressive watering-down in later exegetical and legal literature of the categorical Qur’anic prohibition against initiating hostilities is revealing of the triumph of political realism over scriptural fidelity.
Some scholars from the later period continued to dispute this cooptation of jihad in the service of Realpolitik. These scholars’ main area of contention was with the legal position which came to view lack of adherence to Islam, rather than aggression on the part of the adversary, as the casus belli for the military jihad, a position they regarded as unethical and morally impermissible.
Asma Afsaruddin is professor of Islamic Studies and chair of the Department of Near Eastern Languages & Cultures at Indiana University, Bloomington. She was named a Carnegie Scholar in 2005. Her previous books include The First Muslims: History and Memory (2008), and Excellence and Precedence: Medieval Islamic Discourse on Legitimate Leadership (2002) She was awarded the World Book Prize for the best new book in Islamic Studies given by the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance of the Republic of Iran on February 8th in Tehran, Iran’s capital and largest city.
Producer & Host: Doug Storm
Board Engineer: Jonathan Richardson
Executive Producer: Joe Crawford
William Hosea and Beverly Calender-Anderson welcome Gary, IN Mayor Karen Freeman- Wilson.
On tonight’s show, William and Beverly welcome Gary, IN Mayor Karen Freeman- Wilson. She join us, by phone, reflect on the successes of her first term in office and the progress made towards implementing a path for Gary’s prosperity and opportunity and a look ahead to her bid for a reelection.
She also comments on two recent announcements; the first, as an appointee to the 2016 Presidential Election Task Force and, the second, as a Presidential appointee to a federal task force on 21st Century Policing.
Headline news and local calendar events of interest to the African-American community.
Hosts: William Hosea and Beverly Calender-Anderson
Bring It On! is produced by Clarence Boone
Executive Producer is Joe Crawford
Our News Editor is Michael Nowlin
Our Board Engineer is Chris Martin
Mary Hunter Austin was born in Illinois in 1868 and died in Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1934. Her father encouraged her interest in writing, but died when she was only ten. Her mother considered fiction mere “storying” akin to lying, and found Mary too insistent about shaping her identity as an individual. Mary did attend college, and earned a degree in math and science—not typical of women at the time. But her physical and emotional health deteriorated, and the family moved to California partly in the hope that the climate would strengthen her. In the West she found a husband, who proved to be unenduring, and her true calling as a writer. She was inspired by the desert landscape of the Mojave, and by the spiritual and storytelling traditions of Native peoples.
Austin was a prolific writer publishing thirty-one books, and belonged to a creative community that included Jack London, Willa Cather, and Ansel Adams. Soon after her death, however, her work fell out of print, and she has been largely forgotten and omitted from the literary canon.
The interconnected story cycle of Lost Borders challenges myths of the West as a setting for masculine self-definition from an ironic feminist perspective. Her own myth-making sometimes leads her into essentialism—variously interpreted by critics as either challenging or merely perpetuating stereotypes. Her depictions of Shoshone and Paiute women are sympathetic, but raise similar questions.
Sarah Torbeck represents the voice of the author throughout, and reads the story “The Land.” Other voices of “Borderers,” as Austin called them, are represented by Renee Reed (“The Hoodoo of the Minnietta”), Shayne Laughter (“A Case of Conscience”), and Berklea Going (“The Ploughed Land,” and poem). Doug Storm hosts, and Jack Hanek is announcer.
Special music for the episode comes from “The Light Guitar” by Patrick Zimmerli, performed by violinist Tim Fain on his album River of Light (Naxos, 2011).
This episode is produced, written and edited by Cynthia Wolfe with assistance from Sarah Torbeck, Robert Shull, and Doug Storm.
Executive producer: Joe Crawford
Books Unbound theme music: The Impossible Shapes
Los locutores de HOLA Bloomington Maria Auxiliadora Viloria y Mónica Hernández platican con Lillian Casillas, Dayanna Arichavala, Jonathan Barrienros y Mintzi Martínez-Rivera. Ellas discuten la importancia de celebrar el mes de la historia de la mujer y los avances en nuestra sociedad con respecto a la igualdad de derechos para la mujer.
Hola Bloomington hosts Maria Auxiliadora Viloria and Monica Hernandez interview Lillian Casillas, Dayanna Arichavala, Jonathan Barrienros and Mintzi Martinez-Rivera. They discuss the importance of celebrating Women’s History Month and progress in our society with regards to equal rights for women.
Hosts Erica Dorsey, Ryne Shadday, and Jeff Poling interview our guest JJ Gufreda, an author and playwright, about her book, Left Hander in London, as well as her background being a transgender woman. We also hear some of JJ’s original music. This song is her latest. This is her response to the recent transgender bathroom and religious freedom laws. When You Gotta Go You Gotta Go she says might be a little tongue in cheek but it raises some good points to counteract the bigotry and fear exhibited by people introducing and supporting these bills. This is JJ Gufreda “When you gotta go you gotta go”. Our weekly segment Out on Campus, the second part of Arielle’s conversation with Frankie about his time at the Midwestern Bi Lesbian Gay Transgender Ally College Conference. This week, the two talk about identity formation and development, learning about other identities, and how the conference played into the relationship between the two. Our staff would like to thank our guest JJ Gufreda for being with us tonight.
Hosts Erica Dorsey, Ryne Shadday, and Jeff Poling
Executive Producer Joe Crawford
Producer Olivia Davidson
Script Coordinator Hayley Bass
Board Engineer Carissa Barrett
This week on the Voices in the Street: “If we took a holiday ooh yeah ooh yeah, it would be so nice!”
Indiana University and the Monroe County Community School Corporation are closing down for Spring Break next week so Voices in the Street hit the streets to ask the obvious question: What are your spring break plans and what are some of your favorite spring break memories?
The goal of House Bill 1145, according to its authors, is pretty straightforward: to get free health care to residents who need it, to make it easier for doctors to show up at places like food banks and volunteer their time.
On its face, the strategy legislators want to use seems pretty simple: they want to eliminate the possibility a doctor could be sued after giving someone free care. They want to make it unnecessary for those doctors to carry medical malpractice insurance. Doing that, theoretically, would encourage more doctors to volunteer their time.
But in fact, it’s not simple. Legislators and attorneys have been debating the bill, known to some as the Civil Immunity Bill, for some time. Eric Koch, state representative from Bedford who is a co-author of the legislation, said the state legislature considered the bill last year.
“We just couldn’t get the bill in a form that we really felt avoided all the unintended consequences,” Koch said.
Koch is also an attorney who routinely represents clients in medical malpractice cases. If anyone should be wary of a law that makes it harder to sue doctors, you might expect it to be him. The bill, as its currently written, would allow patients to effectively sign away their rights to sue for malpractice. In exchange the patients could get free care.
“When you give an immunity, it’s a very powerful thing,” Koch said. “There have to be very compelling reasons and in this case it was the opportunity to essentially triage people and get them into a continuum of care that they need.”
To be clear, the question of medical malpractice insurance is a big one for doctors who volunteer their services. In Bloomington, the Volunteers in Medicine clinic operates 5 days a week with volunteer doctors. Nancy Richman, the executive director there, says the insurance issue was dealt with many years ago. The providers at Volunteers in Medicine are covered through the Federal Tort Claims Act, which was enacted in the mid-1990s.
“(Free) clinics are not able to afford the cost of malpractice liability for each individual provider, nor are the providers willing to pay for their own malpractice insurance when they’re going to volunteer their time,” Richman said.
Clinics like Volunteers in Medicine would not be affected by House Bill 1145. They’re specifically exempted and they continue to be covered under the federal law. The bill only applies to doctors giving free care outside of clinics or hospitals.
And while Koch can be counted as one attorney who is satisfied with the Civil Immunity Bill, he may not represent the majority of lawyers. The Indiana Trial Lawyers Association is not supporting the proposal.
Mickey Wilson, the executive director of the Association, says she does like this bill better than previous versions of the legislation. The new bill, for example, excludes major medical procedures. The rationale there is that patients getting non-invasive care are less likely to wind up in situations where they need to file a malpractice lawsuit. But Wilson says she’s worried many patients may not realize the implications of signing away their rights to sue.
“I think there is very little understanding of what immunity actually means,” Wilson said. “What it means is, as a matter of public policy, we know you’re going to do something that…a reasonable person would not do. And we’re going to say…you’re not going to have to pay for the harm you’re going to cause.”
Wilson agrees with the bill’s authors on one thing: the chances of any one of these affected patients needing to sue their doctor is not good. Dave Frizzell, the main author behind the legislation, says the states of Washington, South Dakota and South Carolina, already have similar laws.
“They have had no claim at all, zero, zip,” Frizzell said. “To say it’s miniscule is overstating the case.”
Again, Wilson agrees in a way. She doesn’t dispute Frizzell that there aren’t many malpractice suits associated with free care.
“The problem is if it’s your case, if it’s your child, it’s the biggest thing in your life,” Wilson said. “The tort law really is for the exception.”
Wilson says, in her mind, the problem is not with the patients or the doctors, but with the insurance companies. If these particular malpractice suits are so rare, she asks, why is the insurance so expensive?
“I think the question needs to be asked, ‘What is the basis for increasing the premium,’” she said. “And I don’t think this legislation asks that question.
After several rounds of negotiations, it appears the legislation could pass this year. The State House approved it last month by a vote of 91 to 0. The bill got a first reading in the State Senate last week. And according to Frizzell, Governor Mike Pence has made it one of his “main bills.”
And the law would fit with much of the rest of the health care agenda advanced by Indiana Republicans, who have largely suggested that the Affordable Care Act is so flawed that it’s up to state legislators to find solutions for the poor and uninsured.
The Civil Immunity Bill currently awaits a vote in the Senate’s Civil Law Committee.
The Bloomington City Council is still trying to figure out a fair set of ordinances to
regulate the increasing number food carts and mobile vendors operating in downtown; Professor and vocal jazz director Steve Zegree passed away last Saturday, March the 7th, in Bloomington at age 61;Local author and Martinsville resident Mark C. Adkisson will be holding a book signing this Saturday in Martinsville;The Monroe County Council voted this week to delay discussions on an agreement that could save the county seven hundred thousand dollars over the next ten years;Earlier this week an Ellettsville Town Council member questioned the bidding procedure for an eleven thousand dollar land survey contract the Town recently entered into.
A committee in the Indiana Senate is considering a bill that could have legal implications for low-income Hoosiers seeking free health care. WFHB News Director Joe Crawford has that story. The civil immunity bill passed the House by a vote of 91 to 0. Nine members of the House did not vote on the measure.
VOICES IN THE STREET
Spring Break is here for the students of IU!
Anchors: Carolyn VandeWiele, Scott Weddle
Today’s headlines were written by Carmen Gozalo and Jack Hanek
Along with Alycin Bektesh for CATSweek, a partnership with Community Access Television Services.
Our feature was produced by Joe Crawford
Voices in the Street was produced by Kelly Wherley,
Our engineer today is Jose Rodriguez
Our theme music is provided by the Impossible Shapes.
Managing Producer is Alycin Bektesh.
Executive Producer is Joe Crawford